The Progressive Realization of Equal Rights of Chinese Farmers: History, Reality and Future
China University of Petroleum, School of Economics and Management, 266580 Qingdao, China
Compared with urban residents, great inequality exists as to the rights of farm laborers. Chinese Government has made great efforts to achieve equal rights for farmers. Farmers’ equal rights have got a lot of qualitative leap: the agricultural tax exemption, the rural and urban tax fairness; exempt from compulsory education fees, to achieve equality in education; establishing a new rural cooperative medical care, to achieve equal health insurance rights; establishing a sound social security system in rural areas, to achieve equal social security rights; amending the electoral law, to achieve equal voting rights. Due to historical reasons, there are still some problems and obstacles, such as a big gap in the urban-rural income and consumption, and uneven distribution of public resources in urban and rural areas. The government should reform rural household registration system in-depth, promote urban-rural integration to achieve the equalization of allocation of public resources, to ensure equal rights for farmers.
Key words: farmers’ / equal rights / rural household registration system / urban-rural integration / the equalized distribution of public resources
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