Companies and energy transition: The stakes of mobility. A case study in the cities of Lille and Lyon
1 Laboratoire d'Économie des Transports, École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État, 3 rue Maurice Audin, 69518 Vaulx-en-Velin Cedex, France
2 CEREMA, Direction territoriale Nord-Picardie, 2 rue de Bruxelles, BP. 275, 59019 Lille, France
a e-mail: email@example.com
Regarding energy transition in the area of mobility, the literature gives prominence to two types of actor which appear to play leading roles: public authorities and households. However, the role played by companies in this energy transition appears to have attracted only marginal attention. Nonetheless, companies influence mobility through the transport of goods, professional travel and commuter trips they generate. If they participate in the growth of this mobility, might they not also contribute to reducing it? What is the viewpoint held by companies regarding these questions? The aim of this article is to highlight the stakes of this energy transition in the domain of mobility in order to represent the viewpoint of companies. The results show that company managers are effectively concerned by the stakes of energy transition in the domain of mobility and that they have already taken measures in favour of more sustainable mobility. But this is more for economic (increased transport costs) and social (recruitment problems, turnover linked to the increased cost of car mobility) reasons than for environmental ones (reduction of greenhouse gas emissions).
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