Phonological Awareness Program: A longitudinal study from Preschool to 4th Grade
1 PhD Student, University of Minho, Institute of Education, 4704-553 Braga, Portugal
2 Professor, University of Madeira, Department of Arts and Humanities, 9000-082 Funchal, Portugal
3 Rochinha's Kindergarten Teacher, 9060-082 Funchal, Portugal
4 Rochinha's Kindergarten Director, 9060-082 Funchal, Portugal
a e-mail: email@example.com
This study aims to evaluate the effect of phonological awareness training program in preschool performance of 256 children in Funchal, Portugal. This is a longitudinal study from preschool (2005) to 4th grade (2011). It has an experimental design. The sample includes an Experimental Group (132 children) and a Control group (124 children). We pretend to answer the following research question: To what degree does training children in phonological awareness as early as preschool have short-term and long-term effects on the evolution of students' competencies and disciplinary knowledge? A first evaluation done in 2006 on the effects of this program at the end of preschool education revealed that the Experimental Group presented significant improvements when compared to the Control Group on the considered dimensions. In 2011, the Experimental Group presented Math National Test higher significant results when compared to the Control Group. The Experimental Group's Portuguese National Test presented better results than the Control Group one, but not significantly. This seems to indicate that Phonological Awareness Program can bring benefits and prevent long-term math school failure.
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