The Concept of Technogenic Social Development
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, 236040, Alexander Nevsky Street 14, Kaliningrad, Russia
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The article discusses the formation of the modern concept of social development, as opposed to the formational (K. Marx), industrial and postindustrial theories (R. Aron and D. Bell), which do not fully reflect the picture of the society development under the influence of scientific and technical progress. These concepts proceed from the sociological theories, in which the development of a society is based on the social and biospheric nature and is predicated on the natural laws of nature. The society itself, consisting of people, develops on the base of the integration of social, technological and natural processes. It creates the technosphere as a lifeless artificial world with the transition of humanity and biosphere spaces into it. Society, relying on science and machine production, destroys the biosphere and builds a new life, a postbiospheric one. Such a society is not only a technocratic, but also man-caused, as with the loss of soil it will have to produce a biological substance and postbiospheric wild life. The author proves the necessity to move away from technocratic ideas of progress, capitalist development practice by focusing our attention on the socio-economic and political reconstruction of society and the revival of biospheric life, as there are still natural conditions.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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