Study of the effects of the hand grip and finger strengths on the friction and petrissage - the massage manipulations - of the students who take massage courses: Kütahya City example
1 University of Dumlupınar, Academy of Physical Education and Sports, Kütahya, Turkey
2 University of Erzincan, Faculty of Education, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Erzincan, Turkey
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this research, the effect of the hand grip and finger strengths on the power development between the friction and petrissage techniques - the massage manipulations - have been studied. To the study that has been structured as a single group pretest/post test, 36 healthy males who are the students of the University of Dumlupınar, Academy of Physical Education and Sports and who take massage courses (age = 19.72 ± 1.56 years (average ± Sd)) have been included. The practical massage course has continued for 12 weeks, two days a week for a total of one hour and the hand grip strength of both hands (right hand grip strength = RHG, left hand grip strength = LHG) and the grip strength of both fingers (right finger strength = RF, left finger strength = LF) have been recorded at the beginning. For the measurements carried out before and later of the study with regard to the hand grip strength, a Takkei branded hand dynamometer and with regard to the finger grip strength a (baseline) branded pinch meter have been used. All measurements have been repeated twice and for the analysis, the average values obtained from two deads have been used. For statistical analysis, with regard to the changes in the pre test-post test finger strength and hand grip strength, paired-samples t test has been used. The significance limit has been defined as p<0.05. For all values, the average, standard error and standard deviation have been used. It has been observed that the both hands’ finger strengths and both hands’ grip strengths have developed from the pre test phase to the post test phase (p<0.01) and these developments are similar for both hands’ grip strengths and both hands’ grip strengths (p>0.05). It is possible to report that massaging regularly with both hands is efficient for the development of the finger and hand grip strengths; especially, with regard to the friction (circular movements that are generally carried out with fingers) and petrissage (kneading that is generally carried out with the palm) techniques.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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