Open Access
SHS Web of Conferences
Volume 12, 2014
4th International Conference on Tourism Research (4ICTR)
Article Number 01093
Number of page(s) 8
Published online 19 November 2014
  1. M. Bennett, P. Dearden, R. Rollins, The sustainability of dive tourism in Phuket, Thailand. In Communities in SE Asia: Challenges and Responses, 97–106, (2003)
  2. M. Milazzo, R. Chemello, F. Badalamenti, R. Camarda, S. Riggio, The impact of human recreational activities in marine protected areas: what lessons should be learnt in the Mediterranean sea?, Mar. Ecol., 23, 280–290 (2002) [CrossRef]
  3. P. Dearden, M. Bennett, R. Rollins, Perceptions of diving impacts and implications for reef conservation, Coast. Manage., 35, 305–317 (2007) [CrossRef]
  4. H. Hasler, J. Ott. Mar, Diving down the reefs? Intensive diving tourism threatens the reefs of the northern Red Sea. Pollut. Bull., 56, 1788–1794 (2008) [CrossRef]
  5. P. Reopanichkul, T.A. Schlacher, R.W. Carter, S.Worachananant, Sewage impacts coral reefs at multiple levels of ecological organization, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 58, 1356–1362 (2009) [CrossRef]
  6. J. Priskin, Tourist perceptions of degradation caused by coastal nature-based recreation, Env. Manag., 32, 189–204 (2003) [CrossRef]
  7. M.A. Rudd, M.H. Tupper, The impact of Nassau grouper size and abundance on scuba diver site selection and MPA economics Coast. Manage., 30, 133–151(2002)
  8. G. Musa, K. Dimmock, Scuba diving tourism: introduction to special issue, Tou. Mar. Env., 8, 1–5 (2012) [CrossRef]
  9. L.M. Brander, P.V. Beukering, H.S.J. Cesar, The recreational value of coral reefs: a meta-analysis, Ecol. Econ., 63, 209–218 (2007) [CrossRef]
  10. C. Oh, R.B. Ditton, J.R. Stoll, The Economic Value of Scuba-Diving Use of Natural and Artificial Reef Habitats, Soc. Natur. Resour., 21, 455–468 (2008) [CrossRef]
  11. I.M. Shaalan, Sustainable tourism development in the Red Sea Egypt threats and opportunities, Clean. Pro., 13, 83–87 (2005) [CrossRef]
  12. L. Burke, E. Selig, M. Spalding. Reefs at riskin Southeast Asia., (2002)
  13. L. Burke, K. Reytar, M. Spalding, A. Perry, Reefs at Risk Revisited., (2011)
  14. D. Zakai, N.E. Chadwick-Furman, Impacts of intensive recreational diving on reef corals at Eilat, northern Red Sea. Biol. Conserv., 105, 179–187 (2002) [CrossRef]
  15. J.A. Tratalos, T.J. Austin, Impacts of recreational SCUBA diving on coral communities of the Caribbean island of Grand Cayman, Biol. Conserv., 102, 67–75 (2001) [CrossRef]
  16. L. Mastny, A world watch addendum on coral reef, World Watch., 14, 20–21 (2001)
  17. C. Wilkinson. Status of coral reefs of the world: summary of threats and remedial action (2006).
  18. N.H.L. Barker, C.M. Roberts, Scuba diver behaviour and the management of diving impacts on coral reefs, Biol. Conserv., 120, 481–489 (2004) [CrossRef]
  19. B. Luna, C. Valle Pérez, J.L. Sánchez-Lizaso, Benthic impacts of recreational divers in a Mediterranean Marine Protected Area, Mar. Sci., 66, 517–523 (2009)
  20. P. Chabanet, M. Adjeroud, S. Andrefouet, Y.M. Bozec, J. Ferraris, J.A. Garcia-Charton, M Schrimm, Human-induced physical disturbances and their indicators on coral reef habitats: a multi-scale approach, Aquat. Living. Resour., 18, 215–230 (2005) [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  21. R. Danovaro, L. Bongiorni, C. Corinaldesi, D. Giovannelli, E. Damiani, P. Astolfi, Sunscreens cause coral bleaching by promoting viral infections, Env. Health. Perspect., 116, 441–7 (2008)
  22. D.R. Bellwood, T.P Hughes, Regional-scale assembly rules and biodiversity of coral reefs, Sci., 292, 1532–1534 (2001) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D. Zakai, O. Levy, N.E. Chadwick-Furman, Experimental fragmentation reduces sexual reproductive output by the reef-building coral Pocillopora damicornis, Coral. Reefs., 19, 185–188 (2000) [CrossRef]
  24. J. Davenport, J.L. Davenport, The impact of tourism and personal leisure transport on coastal environments: a review, Estuar. Coast. Shelf. S., 67, 280–292 (2006) [CrossRef]
  25. J.P. Hawkins, C.M. Roberts, T. van’t Hof, K. de Meyer, J.A. Tratalos, C. Aldam, Effects of recreational SCUBA diving on Caribbean coral and fish communities, Conserv. Biol., 13, 888–897 (1999) [CrossRef]
  26. R.P. Medeiros, R.G. Grempel, A.T. Souza, M.I. Ilarri, C.L.S. Sampaio, Effects of recreational activities on the fish assemblage structure in a northeastern Brazilian reef, Aquat. Sci., 2, 288–300 (2007)
  27. K.S. Rodgers, E.F. Cox, The effects of trampling on Hawaiian corals along a gradient of human use, Biol. Conserv., 112, 383–389 (2003) [CrossRef]
  28. A.B. Rouphael, G.J. Inglis, Increase spatial and temporal variability on coral damage caused by receational scuba diving, Ecol. Appl., 12, 427–440 (2002) [CrossRef]
  29. T. Rouphael, G.J. Inglis, ‘Take only photographs and leave only footprints’?: an experimental study of the impacts of underwater photographers on coral reef dive sites, Biol. Conserv., 100, 281–287 (2001) [CrossRef]
  30. K.C. Ku, T.C. Chen, A conceptual process-based reference model for collaboratively managing recreational scuba diving in Kenting National Park, Mar. Poll, 39, (2013).
  31. ICRAN MAR 1. Standard requirements for recreational scuba diving services in the Mesoamerican reef system., (2006)
  32. G. Musa, W.T. Seng, T. Thirumoorthi, M. Abessi, The influence of SCUBA divers’ personality, experience, and demographic profile on their underwater behaviour, Tourism. Mar. Env., 7, 1–14 (2011) [CrossRef]
  33. B. Thapa, A.R. Graefe, L. Meyer, Moderator and mediator effects of SCUBA diving specialization on marine-based environmental knowledge-behaviour contingency, Environ. Educ., 37, 53–67 (2005) [CrossRef]
  34. R.D.M. Walters, M.J. Samways, Sustainable dive ecotourism on a South African coral reef, Biol. Conserv., 10, 2167–2179 (2001)
  35. C. Townsend. Marine ecotourism through education: A case study of divers in the British Virgin Islands. In Marine ecotourism: Issues and Experiences., 138–154 (2003)
  36. C.V. Hunt, J.J. Harvey, A. Miller, V. Johnson, N. Phongsuwn, The Green Fins approach for monitoring and promoting environmentally sustainable scuba diving operations in South East Asia, Ocean & Coast. Manag., 78, 35–44 (2013) [CrossRef]
  37. P. Stolk, K. Markwell, J.M. Jenkins, Artificial reefs as recreational scuba diving resources: a critical review of the research, J. Sustain. Tour., 15, 331–350 (2007) [CrossRef]
  38. A.B. Rouphael, M. Hanafy, An alternative management framework to limit the impact of SCUBA divers on coral assemblages, Sus. Tou., 15, 91–103 (2007) [CrossRef]
  39. M.H. Schleyer, B.J. Tomalin, Damage on South African coral reefs and an assessment of their sustainable diving capacity using a fisheries approach, Bull. Mar. Sci., 67, 1025–1042 (2000)
  40. M.G. Sorice, C. Oh, R. Ditton, Managing SCUBA divers to meet ecological goals for coral reef conservation, Ambio., 36, 316–322 (2007) [CrossRef]