Open Access
SHS Web of Conferences
Volume 15, 2015
2014 Workshop on Advances in the Turin Shroud Investigation (ATSI 2014)
Article Number 00005
Number of page(s) 11
Published online 27 February 2015
  1. The official summary of the final report of STuRP can be read at the webpage
  2. E. Jumper, A.D. Adler, J.P. Jackson, S.F. Pellicori, J.H. Heller, J.R. Druzik, Archaeological Chemistry III: ACS Advances in Chemistry 205 (American Chemical Society, Washington, 1984), pp. 447–476
  3. A complete list of scientific papers published by the STuRP team can be found in
  4. J.P. Jackson, E.J. Jumper, and W.R. Ercoline, Appl. Opt. 23, 2244–2270 (1984) [CrossRef]
  5. G. Fanti, J. Botella, P , Di Lazzaro, R. Schneider, N. Svensson, J. Im. Sci. Technol. 54, 040201-(8) (2010)
  6. The most interesting and best documented attempt to reproduce a life-size Shroud-like image is described in L. Garlaschelli, J. Im. Sci. Technol. 54, 040301-040301(14) (2010). References therein offer a comprehensive list of other attempts. See a critical review of this paper in: T. Heimburger, G. Fanti, Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Scientific approach to the Acheiropoietos Images, IWSAI 2010, (ENEA, 2010) pp. 19-28
  7. Web page of Shroud-related studies of the Excimer Laser Laboratory: The overall activities of our Lab can be found at the website
  8. P. Di Lazzaro, D. Murra, E. Nichelatti, A Santoni, G. Baldacchini, J. Im. Sci. Technol. 54, 040302-(6) (2010)
  9. R. Rogers, A. Arnoldi, (2002). In this document, Rogers and Arnoldi wrote: “Very intense, 50-ns-long bursts of UV ablated the cloth surface, and the samples were reduced to a cloud of very fine particles. We could not get a color with a flash of light.” In another document ( (2004)) Rogers criticised the radiative hypothesis of Jackson published in Shroud Spectrum International 34, 3-29 (1990) and wrote: “Experiments we did with pulsed ultraviolet lasers on linen resulted in ablation and destructive shock waves. Samples often were converted into a little amorphous powder and gas, ablate and convert linen into little amorphous powder and gas”. One of the authors (PDL) in 1991 was invited by Robert (Bob) Sze to visit his Excimer Laser Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). All the “non restricted” experiments of Sze's group were equipped with excimer lasers emitting laser pulses each having a width in the 50–150-ns range, like those emitted by the Hercules ENEA excimer laser. Rogers was working at LANL, and we can speculate he asked Sze's group to make excimer irradiations of linen, and that they used the 50–150 ns laser pulsewidth they had at hands. As explained in Sect. 2.1, we obtained the same ablation results when irradiating linens with the 120 ns long Hercules laser pulses. The results described in Sects. 2.1 and 2.2 which are obtained using shorter-than-30-ns UV and VUV laser pulses demonstrate the paramount importance of the laser pulsewidth to achieve a Shroud-like coloration of linen
  10. G. Baldacchini, P. Di Lazzaro, D. Murra, G. Fanti, Appl. Opt. 47, 1278–1283 (2008) [CrossRef]
  11. P. Di Lazzaro, D. Murra, E. Nichelatti, A Santoni, G. Baldacchini, Appl. Opt. 51, 8567–8578 (2012) [CrossRef]
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  13. Phisik Instrumente model M-521. Each stage was independently driven by a Mercury C-863 DC motor controller
  14. P. Di Lazzaro, D. Murra, A. Santoni, E. Nichelatti, EAI special issue on Knowledge, Diagnostics and Preservation of Cultural Heritage, 89–94 (2012).
  15. A. Marion, Opt. Eng. 37, 2308–2313 (1998) [CrossRef]
  16. A.D. Whanger, M. Whanger, Appl. Opt. 24, 766–772 (1985) [CrossRef]
  17. A. Danin, A.D. Whanger, U. Baruch, M. Whanger, Flora of the Shroud of Turin (Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis MO, 1999)
  18. G. Fanti, R. Maggiolo, J. Opt. A: Pure and Applied Optics 6, 491–503 (2004) [CrossRef]
  19. P. Di Lazzaro, D. Murra, B. Schwortz, Pattern Recognition 46, 1964–1970 (2013) [CrossRef]
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  21. See, e.g., J. Voss, K. Federmeier, K. Paller, Cerebral Cortex 22, 2354–2364 (2012). For an elementary introduction, see [CrossRef]
  22. N. Balossino, Sindon 19, 57–69 (2003)
  23. R. Palermo, G. Rhodes, Neuropsychologia 45, 75–92 (2007) [CrossRef]
  24. A J. Calder, G. Rhodes, M. Johnson, The Oxford Handbook of Face perception (Oxford University Press, 2011)