SHS Web Conf.
Volume 41, 2018International Conference on Architectural Education in Asia (eduARCHsia 2017)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Humanity and Its Challenges|
|Published online||10 January 2018|
Socio-Spatial Typology In Karanrang Island
Architecture Department, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia
2 Regional and Urban Planning Department, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The phenomenon of community life on the small island is influenced by the stimulating factor of harmonious social interaction system through cooperation, kinship, economic activity, children playing, transportation system, religion and other social activities. The social dynamics of small island communities appear in the layout and environment in which they live, how they manage and utilize space, both indoors and outdoors. The purpose of this paper is to describe the socio-spatial typology of settlements on Karanrang Island, including a description of the spatial pattern of communalenvironments. Research approaches through spatial similarities and differences in the classification of behavioral setting, including physical, non-physical, socio-spatial arrangements. Karanrang Island as a research focus which has an area of 7.8 Ha is one of small islands inhabited in cluster PangkajeneIslands (Pangkep) South Sulawesi, with characteristic of dense settlement, and diversity of tribe, also inhabited by 434 families. The method of this research is observation, data collection through field survey with descriptive analysis based on empirical data on meso / environment which is divided into:1) inter building space; 2) Space in the building; 3) Open space, and; 4) Environmental facilities. The results showed that classification of socio-spatial typology of communal environment is divided into four types of socio-spatial models based on the configuration of social interaction activities, namely:1) Type of Linear Centripetal, at the inter buildings space; 2) Type of Centripetal Cluster, space on the building; 3) Type of Centrifugal Cluster, at green open space/field; 4) Type of cluster Centripetal, at environmental facilities. The socio-spatial type based on actor’s activities, occupancy, and territory, can be distinguished on: 1) Type of children’s activity; 2) Type of mother’sactivity; 3) Type of father’s activity, and 4) Type of combination activity.
Key words: small island settlement / socio-spatial typology / social settings / spatial settings
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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