SHS Web Conf.
Volume 50, 2018The International Scientific and Practical Conference “Current Issues of Linguistics and Didactics: The Interdisciplinary Approach in Humanities and Social Sciences” (CILDIAH-2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||12 October 2018|
Challenges of Innovative Development Within the National Economy
Faculty of Economics, Russian-Tajik Slavonic University,30 M. Tursunzoda St., Dushanbe, 734025, Tajikistan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper clarifies the main problems of innovative development taking into account social and economic conditions of innovative business, mechanisms to expand innovative processes within the national economy. The theory of innovative infrastructure formation within innovative development based on research-scientific and innovative structures is developed. Innovative infrastructure is considered the mechanism representing a set of interconnected and complementary scientific and technological systems, organizations, firms ensuring efficient implementation of innovative activity and innovations as such. It is specified that innovative processes in Tajikistan are characterized by relatively low activity and efficiency, which is substantially caused by lack of corresponding scientific and technological potential of innovative development and problems of creating favourable conditions for the development of small forms of innovative business in various industries of the national economy. There is a need to develop a national innovative system allowing defining areas of expanding the innovative activity and innovative business alongside with implementing organizational and institutional approaches to economic policy in the field of innovative processes expansion through various industries of the national economy. The tasks of the state policy in the field of innovative business development in Tajikistan taking into account state support at initial stages of innovative business formation and expansion of innovative activity are specified. The principles of establishing small innovative enterprises based on innovative activity of higher educational institutions and research centres are suggested and specified.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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