SHS Web Conf.
Volume 58, 2018GLOBMAR 2018 - Global Maritime Conference
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||03 December 2018|
Main Drivers for Maritime Cluster and Shipping in the Baltic Sea
University of Turku, Centre for Maritime Studies, Finland
2 University of Turku, Centre for Maritime Studies, Finland
3 Finnish Environment Institute SYKE, Finland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
One of the main aims of Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) is to observe and determine factors affecting the development of various future sea uses. As a part of the transboundary MSP research done in the Maritime Spatial Planning for Sustainable Blue Economies (Plan4Blue) project, drivers for the creation of alternative scenarios for Blue Economy in the Gulf of Finland and the Archipelago Sea have been defined. The Blue Economic sectors analysed were energy, the maritime cluster, maritime and coastal tourism, the blue bioeconomy and subsea resources. The drivers affecting the development of blue economy sectors by the year 2050 were identified by experts through Delphi-surveys and workshops. First, the drivers were explored using the PESTEL-classification: political, economic, social, technological, environmental and legal drivers. The main drivers were then analysed and presented in futures tables. The results of this analysis are discussed from the viewpoint of the maritime cluster and shipping. The most important shipping drivers identified are transnational in nature: global economic trends and environmental policies, which connect national and regional MSP with the global scale. Driver analysis supports the identification of the sector’s needs in the context of MSP. Challenges encountered in the process are highlighted in this text.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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