SHS Web Conf.
Volume 62, 201917th International Scientific Conference “Problems of Enterprise Development: Theory and Practice” 2018
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Legal Regulation of the Business Entities’ Activities|
|Published online||15 March 2019|
Recovery of Damages from the Head of an Economic Entity: Legislation of the Russian Federation and Law Enforcement Practice
Samara State University of Economics, Samara, Russia
2 Samara State University of Economics, Samara, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
A legal entity as a union recognized in law and absent as an independent entity outside the law, exists and carries out its activities through the governing bodies whose composition and competence are always predetermined by the norms of positive law. Undoubtedly, the rights of the governing bodies of a legal entity, as well as the duties of the head of the organization, must be strictly predetermined and have limits defined by law. Failure of this rule would mean the possibility of abuse of the right by the governing bodies of legal entities, their release from the obligation to lead the organization in good faith and reasonably, evasion from the fulfillment of obligations assumed by the legal entity through the sole executive body or another governing body of the organization. In order to prevent harm to the organization and third parties, the governing bodies of the legal entity, the legislator set certain rules for the activities of the governing bodies of the legal entity, as well as the grounds for applying measures of responsibility for violating such rules. The responsibility of the head includes the recovery of damages caused by his fault to a legal entity. The purpose of the study is to analyze the grounds and conditions for recovery of damages caused by the head of the organization in the legislation of the Russian Federation and arbitration practice. The objectives of the study are to determine the grounds for liability of the head of a legal entity in the form of damages, show the genesis of the formation of Russian legislation and the practice of its use by courts on recovering losses of a legal entity from the head of an organization, identify criteria for determining the presence of both good faith and reasonableness in the behavior of managers of legal entities, brought to responsibility in the form of the obligation to pay damages to the organization they lead. In carrying out the study, such methods were used as: general scientific - analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, historical method; private-scientific: formal-legal, comparative-legal, allowing to consider the issues of bringing to responsibility in the form of recovery of damages of the head of a legal entity; Formal legal method for determining the content of abstract categories - reasonableness, good faith, permissible behavior, method of system-structural analysis - to study the possibility of applying damages as a form of responsibility for the guilty behavior of a special entity - the head of a legal entity The result of the study is the establishment of the grounds and conditions for applying to the head (former head) of a legal entity responsibility in the form of recovery of damages caused to the organization managed by it, in the legislation of the Russian Federation and judicial practice. The findings and results of the study can be used for further research and as educational material, in legislative work and in law enforcement practice.
Key words: legal entity / head of legal entity / bankruptcy / guilt / liability / indemnification
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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