SHS Web Conf.
Volume 74, 2020The 19th International Scientific Conference Globalization and its Socio-Economic Consequences 2019 – Sustainability in the Global-Knowledge Economy
|Number of page(s)
|Economic Sustainability in Emerging Markets
|10 January 2020
Globalization and export flows between Eurasian Economic Union countries: a gravity model approach
Department of Analytical Economics and Econometrics, Belarusian state university, Minsk, Belarus
2 Department of Finance, National university of Kyiv-Mohyla academy, Kyiv, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In the empirical tools for the research of trade integration a special place is occupied by gravity models, insofar as these models have rather high accuracy in explaining mutual trade flows. Recently, however, the gravity model approach has been subjected to critical rethinking: globalization brought considerable changes not only in economic growth, but also in international trade, what allowed speaking about a “Death of Distance”. At the same time, estimates based on gravity models almost always demonstrated an increase in the coefficient of distance as a proxy for transport costs, which contradicts the general perception of the phenomenon of globalization. The paper is devoted to testing the validity of inclusion of the globalization index in the model, which would allow consider the role of globalization in bilateral cross-country trade, as well as testing the hypothesis of reducing the coefficient of distance. Based on the annual panel data over the period 2000-2016 the trade integration model for the EEU countries was estimated. To test the hypothesis of a decrease in the estimated coefficient of distance over time, the gravity model was also evaluated at different time intervals. And the positive impact of the globalization factor on the volume of exports is revealed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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