SHS Web Conf.
Volume 96, 2021The 3rd International Academic Conference on Frontiers in Social Sciences and Management Innovation (IAFSM 2020)
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Economics and Management|
|Published online||08 February 2021|
R&D Investment and Patent Application: The Effects of Internationalization and Ownership
1 School of Management and Economics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
2 Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Development, Kumasi Technical University, Kumasi, Ghana
3 School of economics and management, chongqing jiaotong university, Chongqing 400067, China
4 School of Management, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of this paper is to assess whether research and development (R&D) investment, degree of internationalization (DOI), and ownership structure affect the patent application of enterprises in an emerging market. Using a firm-level data from 242 China's information and communication technology (ICT) and automobile manufacturing listed companies on Shanghai and Shenzhen A- stock exchanges market from 2011 to 2015, our empirical results demonstrate that: (1) the degree of internationalization of enterprises has a positive facilitating influence on the correlation among corporate R&D investment and a patent application; (2) the state-owned ownership negatively moderates the R&D investment-patent application link, and (3) international expansion can adequately compensate for the efficiency disadvantages of R&D investment and patent application engender by state ownership. Besides, the study discovered and explained an exciting phenomenon and bring forth important enlightenment to enterprises in the emerging economies to improve resource utilization efficiency and achieve technical ability to catch up.
Key words: R&D investment / Innovation / Internationalization / Ownership / emerging economies
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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