SHS Web Conf.
Volume 100, 2021IV International Scientific Congress “Society of Ambient Intelligence – 2021” (ISCSAI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Business Communication and Linguistics|
|Published online||25 March 2021|
The Ethnomatematics and Ethnolinguistics of the Cultural Aimara – Peru
1 Professor at the National Intercultural University of Quillabamba, Cusco, Peru
2 Professor at the Jorge Basadre Grohmann National University, Tacna, Peru
3 Professor at the National Intercultural University of Quillabamba, Cusco, Peru
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Current research on cultures worldwide has been recovering the knowledge of our ancestors, which has been lost over time and education in the Spanish language does not seek to recover them. The objective of the research is to describe the ethnomathematics and ethnolinguistics of the Aymara culture in the district of Pomata, Puno. The type of research is qualitative-ethnographic. The methodology applied was the interview, survey, participatory observation. Aymara culture currently practices ethnomathematical knowledge to designate the “Jilawi” ages of people, of the time by “Pacha chimpu”; the stars are recognized, the morning star “Qhantati ururi”, the Andean new year “Machaqa mara” is celebrated in June, the “Yapuchañanaka” crops; the harvest “Yapu apthapi”, ethnogeometry uses it for designs of their houses, marking animals, such as the triangle “Kimsa k'uchu”, square “Pusi k'uchu”, rectangle “Pusi wiskhalla”; they measure the cereals “phuqthu” by hand, the land by “Yunta”. Aymara ethnolinguistics began with the “k’inchu”, which were colored threads with knots, and each color had a meaning: white means living in harmony; black mourning and protection; lead property record; coffee registration and marking of animals; They learned to read and write clandestinely, some serving priests, others through military service.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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