SHS Web Conf.
Volume 100, 2021IV International Scientific Congress “Society of Ambient Intelligence – 2021” (ISCSAI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronic Systems|
|Published online||25 March 2021|
Current Aspects of Prevention of Coal Freezing by Means of Inorganic and Organic Reagents
State University of Economics and Technology, Kryvyi Rih, 50006, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In the cold season, irregular coal supplies to coke plants are aggravated by the need to heat the coal cars. Thawing of rail cars in garages (enclosures) is the least efficient and most expensive approach. Treatment of the coal concentrates with chemical additives reliably prevents freezing in winter during transit from suppliers to consumers. With a view to finding new reagents for preventing the freezing of coal in winter, the lime, the acetates and chlorides of alkaline-earth and alkaline metals are studied. Attention focuses on their physicochemical characteristics, methods of preparation and of introduction in coal concentrate, and their influence on freezing. The results of studies have shown that the use of organosilicon is more effective use of acetates and chlorides of metals. The high activity of organosilicon substances is explained by their elemental composition and structure of molecules.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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