SHS Web Conf.
Volume 109, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Law and the Information Society: Digital Approach” (LISID-2020)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||31 May 2021|
Electronic document flow as evidence in civil proceeding: evaluation features and application problems
1 Pyatigorsk State University, Pyatigorsk, Russia; Stavropol Branch of Moscow State Pedagogical University, Stavropol, Russia
2 Pyatigorsk State University, Pyatigorsk, Russia
3 Institute of Service, Tourism and Design (Branch) of North-Caucasus Federal University in Pyatigorsk, Pyatigorsk, Russia
4 Pyatigorsk State University, Pyatigorsk, Russia
Due to the development of information technologies, electronic document flow is actively becoming a part of modern life, and the activity of courts is not an exception. Electronic documents are increasingly considered by courts as evidence in civil cases. Judicial practice faces certain problems when evaluating such evidence due to the insufficiency of legal regulation of such kind of evidence. The article examines the theoretical and practical aspects of the existence of an electronic document as a type of written evidence, attempts to reveal the essence of an electronic document, define its features as compared to a traditional written document, and analyzes the approaches to the definition of the concept of ‘electronic document’, which have developed in Russian legal science. The analysis of the practice in the application of an electronic document as evidence with regard to relevance, admissibility and adequacy is carried out. Certain problems which judges have to face when using an electronic document as evidence have been identified. The authors’ understanding of an electronic document is submitted, the framework of problems and gaps under current civil procedure legislation is defined, and methods of solution are proposed. The need to define an independent type of evidence – electronic evidence is substantiated, with it further being enshrined in the Civil Procedural Code of the Russian Federation, as well as to formalize in legislation the concept of an ‘electronic information medium’.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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