SHS Web Conf.
Volume 119, 20213rd International Conference on Quantitative and Qualitative Methods for Social Sciences (QQR’21)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Environment and Health|
|Published online||24 August 2021|
Sodium and Potassium Intakes assessed by 24-h Urine among Moroccan University students in Casablanca, Morocco: Cross-Sectional Study
1 Laboratory of Biology and Health, Research Unit: Human Nutrition, URAC 34, Faculty of sciences Ben Msik, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Morocco, Avenue CdtDriss El Harti, B.P 7955, SidiOthmane, Casablanca / 20660, Morocco.
2 Mohammed VI University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medecine, UM6SS, Morocco, BldmohammedTaiebNaciri, Commune Hay Hassani / 82 403, Anfa City, Casablanca, Morocco.
3 Faculty of Health and Social, Chester University, Chester, United Kingdom, Parkgate Road, Chester / CH1 4BJ, United Kingdom.
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In Morocco, the high consumption of dietary sodium increases the risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and predisposes to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and hypertension. This study aims to assess the dietary sodium and potassium intake in a random sample of Moroccan adult students as a benchmark informing a national strategy for reducing salt intake. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 103 adults aged 18 to 25 years recruited in Casablanca. The 24-hour urinary excretion was used to measure the sodium and potassium. Creatinine excretion was used to validate the completeness of the urine collections. The average urinary sodium excretion was 3125.77 ± 121.99 mg/day, 13.5% consumed less than 5g/day, while 69% consumed more than 5 g/day of which 17.5% consumed more than twice the recommendations. For the average urinary potassium excretion was 1826.1 ± 61.2 mg/day, and more than 98% of the students consumed less than the adequate intake. The results of this pilot study show that the population studied has a high sodium intake and low potassium intake which does not meet World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations, which requires implementing an action plan to reduce salt.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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