SHS Web Conf.
Volume 124, 2021International Conference on Management, Social Sciences & Humanities (ICMeSH 2020)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Innovative Marketing and Consumerism and Technology in Humanities and Society|
|Published online||15 November 2021|
Innovation of Risk Mitigation Model for Islamic Equaty-Based Financing in Islamic Microfinance Institutions in Indonesia
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Seri Iskandar, Perak
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Islamic Microfinance institution (MFI) funded either by government or private financial institutions are playing an instrumental role in discharging business fund to the eligible micro entrepreneurs (ME). The potential of micro entrepreneurs to succeed in their business is always becoming a central issue, this is due to the ability to manage the business strategy in a sustainable manner. The fund transacted in micro financing industry is small in term of quantity, therefore it also generates small profit to both parties MFI and ME, it may not be profitable in the eye of financial institution such as bank or Microfinance institution such as Baitul Mal wa Tamwil, moreover the financing risk is always high because some of the financing given without proper risk mitigation could lead into financial failure. The above reasons have influenced most of the MFIs’s decision to abstain from providing equity-based financing, where the concept very much suitable and workable to bring out the groups of MEs from poverty list in comparison to debt-based financing. Equity-based financing require bigger commitment and intervention from MFI in business in term of coaching, training and managing cash flow of the business. Islamic equity-based financing is about profit and loss sharing (PLS) financing. Where both parties have to bear financial consequences in the event of business failure. The failure in business would cause non-performing financing (NPF) to the financial institution and could effect the financial position for that particular year of report. The continuous NPF to the MFI can risk the company future plan. Thus, this study aimed to explore the mechanism of risk mitigation for equity-based financing which can be adopted by Islamic microfinance institutions around the would. The mechanism used to suggest in area of governance, selection of entreprenuer, financing arrangement, payment system and business business sectors. The study applied content analysis to collect the history data of equity-based financing as offered by BMT and MFIs in Indonesia, the data informed researcher on the success and failure story, the study also applied structured interview with managers who are responsible on risk mitigation. The study found that BMT and MFIs in Indonesia are well-organized, the governance and selection of entreprenuer are palying significant role while the payment system which includes the collatoral against any negligence posits an effective way in mircofinance mitigation model.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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