SHS Web Conf.
Volume 131, 20228th International Multidisciplinary Research Conference SOCIETY. HEALTH. WELFARE
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||11 January 2022|
Social factors as the catalyst of emigration
1 Riga Stradins University; Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
2 Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The objective of the study is to address the factors contributing to emigration from Latvia, in particular by highlighting the importance of social factors in the emigration decision, using the theory of push and pull factors of migration as a theoretical basis. The role of the family and the desire to improve not only the economical, but also the social and psychological conditions of families are important factors in the decision-making process, while maintaining links with Latvia. The authors argue that social factors are essential to the migration decision alongside economic factors, and in particular the family situation. The family is a resource that helps to settle in the new country of residence. The family relationship is addressed in terms of both “ontological security” and a feeling of “social anchoring”. The family remains important in maintaining links with relatives in Latvia.
Key words: emigration / push and pull factors of migration / sense of belonging
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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