SHS Web Conf.
Volume 136, 2022MATTERS OF CONTAINMENT. Material approaches to the handling of threats in the modern world. 3rd International Conference of the Quarantine Studies Network (QSN)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||22 March 2022|
Dilution or containment: controlling radioactive liquid effluents from the 1950s to the 1980s on Marcoule plant, France
PhD, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris, France
Nuclear facilities constantly produce radioactive liquid effluents, as a part of their ordinary operation. However, controlling a circulating fluid is problematic. This paper focuses on Marcoule plant in Southern France, on the Rhône River, to document how radioactive effluent containment evolved from the 1950s to the early 1980s. The 1950s and 1960s were a time of experimentation: engineers intended to find a way to dilute radioactive wastes into the river, following a traditional conception inherited from the 19th century. However, due to multiple factors (scientific research and a better understanding of radiation effects, raising protests against nuclear wastes, first legislation on radioactive effluents), both guiding concepts and technical solutions evolved to a stricter containment and control of radioactive effluents.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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