SHS Web Conf.
Volume 136, 2022MATTERS OF CONTAINMENT. Material approaches to the handling of threats in the modern world. 3rd International Conference of the Quarantine Studies Network (QSN)
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|22 March 2022
Border control in question: transformation of anti-cholera measures in Japan at the end of the19th century
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris, France
This paper aims to examine how Japan’s medical authorities explored a flexible way of border health control against cholera at the end of the 19th century. Since quarantine measures provoked diplomatic tensions with neighbouring countries, the Japanese government considered implementing a scheme of medical inspection of vessels from infected ports. However, Japanese geographical conditions seemed unsuitable for this measure. As a result, a permanent border control was established on the one hand and, on the other hand, bacteriological examinations were carried out within the territory. This exploration of flexible border control, which comprised the domestic realm, aimed to set up a reliable outbreak alert network, but cholera epidemics revealed the lack of material conditions of this system. From the turn of the century, the authority began to seek more technical solutions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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