SHS Web Conf.
Volume 139, 2022The 4th ETLTC International Conference on ICT Integration in Technical Education (ETLTC2022)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Topics in Computer Science|
|Published online||13 May 2022|
A Theoretical Framework Towards Building a Lightweight Model for Pothole Detection using Knowledge Distillation Approach
1 Department of Computer Science, Federal University Dutse, Nigeria
2 University of Aizu, Japan
3 Department of Software Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Despite recent advances in deep learning, the rise of edge devices, and the exponential growth of Internet of Things (IoT) connected devices undermine the performance of deep learning models. It is clear that the future of computing is moving to edge devices. Autonomous vehicles and self-driving cars have leveraged the power of computer vision, especially object detection to navigate through traffic safely. Nevertheless, to be able to drive on all types of roads, these new vehicles have to be equipped with a road anomaly detection system, which strikes the need for small deep learning models of detecting road anomalies that can be deployed on these vehicles for safer driving experience. However, the current deep learning models are not practical on embedded devices due to the heavy resource requirements of the models, as such cannot be deployed on embedded devices. This paper proposes a theoretical approach to building a lightweight model from a cumbersome pothole detection model that is suitable on edge devices using knowledge distillation. It presents the theoretical approach of knowledge distillation, why it is a better technique of model compression compared to the rest. It shows that a cumbersome model can be made lightweight without sacrificing accuracy and with a reduced time complexity and faster training time.
Key words: Knowledge distillation / Deep learning / Model compression / Pothole detection
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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