SHS Web Conf.
Volume 148, 2022The 2nd International Conference on Public Relations and Social Sciences (ICPRSS 2022)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Research on Public Education and Cultural and Sports Undertakings|
|Published online||31 October 2022|
Climate Change and Inequality: The Effectiveness and Potential Improvements of the Existing Approaches
Beijing Haidian Foreign Language Shiyan School, Haidian Foreign Language Academy, Beijing, 100195, China
2 School of Law, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan, 430073, China
3 Colorado College, Colorado Springs, 80903, US
4 International Department, Affiliated High School of South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510630, China
This paper examines the relationship between climate change and inequality, evaluates three existing approaches from both macro principles and micro practices, and proposes the potential improvements for those approaches. Available evidence indicates that climate change exacerbates inequality globally and the existing approaches are insufficient and still need to be more aggressive. More specifically, the principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC) in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is blunt to effectively address climate change and respond to inequality even by distributing the common responsibilities differently to the individual countries. Developed countries should take the responsibility to finance climate change due to the principle “the polluter pays” and the obligation to protect human rights; however, developed countries have not yet met their climate finance obligations. Similarly, the international carbon market has been viewed as a feasible measure, while additional actions are still needed to respond to the inequalities exacerbated by climate change.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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