SHS Web Conf.
Volume 42, 2018Global Conference on Teaching, Assessment, and Learning in Education (GC-TALE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||29 January 2018|
An Estimation of Variances and Factors in Mathematics Attainment in Upper-Primary Schools
Graduate Program, Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang, East Java, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study aimed at identifying variances related to school and pupil levels, and the performance indicators measuring the learning progress in mathematics. A longitudinal design was carried out and the stratified random sampling was used to obtain a sample of 5118 pupils from 60 primary schools. In each school three upper grades were selected, including their 180 class teachers and 60 headteachers. The data collection was carried out through questionnaires and school archives. Using multilevel analysis, the results showed that the proportion of total variance in pupil attainment for mathematics at the school level ranged from 20 to 29 per cent. When intake characteristics were taken into account as the baseline, the variance proportions were less than the prior attainments. Occupation and education of parents, besides reading facilities at home were significant explanatory variables for children progress in mathematics achievement. The outcomes have important consequences for school effectiveness research in determining the baseline and performance indicators.
Key words: Variance estimation / achievement factors / mathematics attainment / primary schools
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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