SHS Web Conf.
Volume 68, 20197th International Interdisciplinary Scientific Conference SOCIETY. HEALTH. WELFARE
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Health: Public Health and Health Promotion|
|Published online||25 November 2019|
The impact of diagnosis on the psychosocial and spiritual needs of the patients
1 Central Military Hospital Ružomberok – Faculty Hospital, Ružomberok, Slovakia
2 Catholic University in Ružomberok, Faculty of Health, Ružomberok, Slovakia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: Holistic care focuses on the relationship between the body, mind, and spirit. Spiritual needs are among the basic needs of the individual. From the physical and spiritual dimension and the interaction of these two dimensions, the spiritual needs of the person are developed. Aim:The aim of our study was to analyze if the patient's knowledge regarding their diagnosis and possible proximity of death have significant impact on satisfaction of psychological and spiritual needs. Material and Methods:In our study we used standardized questionnaire The Spiritual Needs Assessment for Patient – SNAP constructed by Sharma Rashmi, applied for 113 respondents and processed by SPSS statistical program. Results:Reliability of questionnaire is given by Cronbach's Alpha 0.945 for the total SNAP. A statistically significant difference at the level p < 0.01 has been confirmed in all questions among respondents with fatal diagnosis and respondents with not life-threatening diagnosis. In domain of psychosocial needs, significant difference was not confirmed regarding to gender, age, education, income, religion and place of residency. In domain of spiritual needs, significant difference was partially confirmed regarding religion in 4 questions from 13. Conclusion:Faced with chronic or fatal diseases, many patients rely on dealing with spiritual and religious issues. In fact, spirituality/religiosity can be considered an important source of support and management of severe chronic diseases. It is possible to identify the four basic dimensions of spiritual need: interconnection, peace, meaning/purpose, and transcendence. Patients often have the problem addressing their needs for related psychosocial and physical problems such as physical disability, fatigue, sleep disorders, side effects of treatment, etc. Importance of satisfaction of psychosocial and spiritual needs is increased in time of threat, fatal diagnosis.
Key words: diagnosis / psychological needs / spiritual needs / religious needs / patient / holistic approach
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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