SHS Web Conf.
Volume 73, 2020Innovative Economic Symposium 2019 – Potential of Eurasian Economic Union (IES2019)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Potential of the Eurasian Economic Union|
|Published online||13 January 2020|
The Ukraine and EU trade balance: prediction via various models of time series
1 Odessa National Economic University, 65082, Odessa Ukraine
2 Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 65029 Odessa Ukraine
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This article is the first to study, simulate and forecast the monthly dynamics of the trade balance between Ukraine and the European Union for the period from 2005 to 2019. In the presented work, three types of models were used for modeling and forecasting: Automated Neural Networks, additive models ARIMA *ARIMAS (Autoregressive integrated moving average with season component) and Holts model with a damped trend.
When modeling using the Automated Neural Networks module, various ensembles of networks and neuron activation functions in hidden layers were used. It turned out that Automated Neural Networks have poor prognostic ability (as in the case considered by us, when modeling insufficiently long series of dynamics). Therefore, when modeling and forecasting the dynamics of the Ukraine-EU trade balance, classical (so-called Box-Jenkins) time series models were used. In this case, the time series is divided into several components (in our case, terms): the main trend is the trend, the seasonal component and the random component (the so-called white noise). By smoothing the initial series, a trend was found, and an analysis of the autocorrelation functions revealed a one-year seasonality. Eliminating the trend and the seasonal component, we obtained a random component, which has a Gaussian distribution. This made it possible to apply first the ARIMA* ARIMAS additive model, and then the Holt model of exponential smoothing with a damped trend. Adequate models of Ukraine-EU trade balance dynamics have been obtained, according to which the forecast has been made. A comparative analysis of the models used. The best model was chosen for forecasting, which allowed to get a good forecast (in comparison with actual data).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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