SHS Web Conf.
Volume 76, 2020The 1st International Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities (ICSH 2019)
|Number of page(s)
|29 April 2020
The Iconography of Sonaf Nis None Traditional House in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
Interior Design Department, Faculty of Art and Design, Petra Christian University, Jl. Siwalankerto 121–131, Surabaya 60236, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Atoni tribe is a native of Timor, inhabiting the western and central parts of Timor Island. Its traditional house functions as a place for dwellings and for performing certain rituals. The form of the house is unique and contains rich meanings that could be studied. There are some Atoni traditional houses that are still maintained in Maslete Village, North Central Timor Regency in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. There are four types of Atoni traditional houses namely, Sonaf, Ume Kbubu, Lopo and Ume Knat/Kanaf. This research will focus on studying Sonaf Nis None, the house with the highest hierarchy in Maslete Village. It is qualitative research with the method of descriptive analysis and using Panofsky's approach of iconography that was conducted through two stages. The first stage was pre-iconography stage which was conducted to obtain the textual meaning and the second was the iconography stage, performed to discover the contextual meaning. Findings reveal that the traditional house of the Atoni Tribe has a rich meaning, conveying life values. The house was a manifestation of the outlook and philosophy of a harmonious life, articulated through the form of the house and its surrounding environment as a microcosm in accordance with the rules of the universe or and the wider world (macrocosm), by using a double pattern (pairs) in the architecture and interiors of the traditional house. The set of pairs as a whole is represented by the masculine and feminine nature of the fetomone couple (female-male), that have two opposing qualities but complement and enliven each other. These meanings have been the sources of inspiration for the design of today's homes. Their form and appearance may be modern, but the concept of the value presented is the continuity of Atoni's preserved cultural values.
Key words: Atoni / contextual meaning / hierarchy / symbol / textual meaning
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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