SHS Web Conf.
Volume 100, 2021IV International Scientific Congress “Society of Ambient Intelligence – 2021” (ISCSAI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Ecology and Living Space|
|Published online||25 March 2021|
Evaluation of the State of Ecological Sphere Vital Activity in the Medium-Size Cities
1 National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, 33028, Ukraine
2 Ukrainian National Forestry University, 79057 Ukraine
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The analysis of the state of ecological sphere development in the medium-size cities of Ukraine certifies the presence of negative tendencies there, exactly, the decrease of population quantity, the growth of numbers of movable sources and the level of population morbidity. There has been suggested a scale to make qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the changes of ecological sphere state according to which indices ascertain the correspondence with their states: 1,0 – 0,75 as high, 0,749 – 0,50 as medium, 0,499 – 0,25 as less than medium, 0,249 –0, as low. It is revealed that high level of ecological development refers to Ivano-Frankivsk (0,777), which is the leader according to the level of planting greenery, the lowest accumulation of waste materials of the 1st – 3d level of danger, the lowest emission of pollutants into atmosphere from stationary and movable sources. Melitopol has medium level (0,57) and is the leader as to the indices of drinking water consumption and is characterized by good indices concerning the waste treatment, considerable expenses spent on nature-protecting activity and low amount of pollutant emission into atmosphere. The cities of Lutsk and Rivne are characterized by lower than medium level of the development of ecological sphere vital activity (0,482; 0,384 in the year 2017 correspondingly), because of a great amount of pollutants emission into atmosphere, low level of planting greenery. The city of Rivne, besides, has the highest indices as to the assumption of waste materials and the least expenses on nature-protecting measures. It is ascertained that the influence of destimulators and stimulators on the level of development of medium-size cities ecological sphere is described by dependencies which look like straight lines at the coefficients of determination R2 from 0,381 to 0,721.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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