SHS Web Conf.
Volume 103, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Solovyov Historical and Philosophical Readings. Russian and Foreign Experience in the System of Humanities Education: History, Modernity, Prospects” 2020
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Humanitarian Education as a Factor in the Socio-political, Economic and Cultural Development of Russian Society: Historical and Philosophical|
|Published online||04 May 2021|
The ethical conception of Leo Tolstoy in the interpretation of Maximilian Voloshin
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Department of Political Studies, Moscow, Russia
2 Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Department of Humanities, Moscow, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The article examines the interpretation of Leo Tolstoy’s ethical conception provided by a Russian poet Maximilian Voloshin. A brief exposition of Tolstoy’s ethical conception position of a person’s concern for their soul is provided. In this regard, the requirements of love and nonviolence are not of value in and of themselves but are subordinate to the main cause of salvation, the improvement of a person’s soul. This is the point on which Voloshin focuses his criticism reproaching Tolstoy for selfishness. Non-resistance to evil by violence is paradoxically interpreted by Voloshin as evasion from evil. Voloshin emphasizes that Tolstoy’s understanding of evil is simplified due to his failure to understand the sinful nature of mankind. Voloshin opposes Tolstoy’s ethics interpreted by him in this manner with his own ethical conception suggesting that it is necessary to not move away from evil in the world but, on the contrary, take it into oneself and strive to transform it with the internal forces of good. In conclusion, it is examined that despite their differences both thinkers agreed that responding with evil to evil is unacceptable from the point of ethics. Both Tolstoy and Voloshin were also characterized by the implementation of their ethical provisions in their personal lives.
Key words: Leo Tolstoy / Maximilian Voloshin / ethics / non-resistance to evil / good / evil
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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