SHS Web Conf.
Volume 104, 2021Second International Conference on History, Theory and Methodology of Learning (ICHTML 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||History of Learning and Education|
|Published online||04 May 2021|
The problem of preserving and strengthening the occupational health of the teacher: a historical aspect
1 Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, 2 Maksyma Kryvonosa Str., Ternopil, 46027, Ukraine
2 Institute of Pedagogy, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Branišovská 1645/31A, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czechia
The article is devoted to the retrospective analysis of the problem of the teacher’s occupational health maintaining and strengthening. On the basis of the study of the psychological and pedagogical massive of sources the state of the development of the problem and the peculiarities of the research of the determined problem in history of the scientific thought and practice are defined. The periods and directions of the professional health of the teacher preservation and strengthening research problem are singled out and characterized. New views of the scientists who studied the problems of the optimization of the efficiency, manufacturing safety, improvement of the efficiency, overcoming of the professional weariness are presented. The experience of the pedagogical education of the beginning of the XX century in Russia and the Committee of the study of the teacher labour in particular, the study of the conditions and mechanisms of the professional disadaptation appearance, professional deformations, determination of the professional difficulties, their influence on the teacher’s state of health are described. The positions of the scientists-analytics in the researched problem are shown. The crucial attention is devoted to the analysis of the A. Makarenko, V. Sukhomlinskyi views of the questions of study of the reasons of the teacher’s health deterioration, the ways and means of the emotional stress removal, improvement of his psychological wellbeing. The special literature for the period from the middle of the XX century till the beginning of the XXI century on the problem of pedagogy and psychology of health, maintaining and strengthening of the teacher’s health are analyzed. The circle of problems that need the research of the concrete ways of maintaining and strengthening of the teacher’s health problem solving is determined.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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