SHS Web Conf.
Volume 112, 2021Northern Sustainable Development Forum 2020
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||23 June 2021|
Healthcare financing in Russia: mechanism and assessment of regional budget opportunities
Baikal State University, 11, Lenin str., Irkutsk, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In the difficult economic conditions in Russia, caused, as in the all countries, by the consequences of the coronavirus pandemic, the search for additional government revenues is becoming especially relevant. All possibilities of cutting budget expenditures are being considered, including the optimization of the number of civil servants. The deputies of the State Duma of the Russia over the past month have been actively discussing the effectiveness of the functioning of state extra-budgetary funds and expressing ideas about the abolition of the Pension Fund of Russia and others, with the simultaneous return of functions back to the federal budget. It is important to reasonably assess the effectiveness of the financial mechanism of each extra-budgetary fund in Russia, including the Federal and Territorial Compulsory Medical Insurance Funds. To this end, it is necessary to comprehensively consider the mechanism of financing health care in the country within the framework of the current budget-insurance model. This article reveals the features of the financial mechanism in the healthcare sector in Russia, primarily in terms of methods for the formation of financial resources. In general, the Russian health care system is financed by the country’s budgets, Compulsory Medical Insurance Funds, voluntary medical insurance and paid medical services. In accordance with this, the budget, insurance and market methods for the formation of financial resources in health care are identified. The article describes each method; the effectiveness of the current financial mechanism was assessed and recommendations for its improvement were proposed.
Key words: Health / financing / budget expenditures on healthcare / financial mechanism
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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