SHS Web Conf.
Volume 112, 2021Northern Sustainable Development Forum 2020
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||23 June 2021|
Factors of formation and development of the transport network in areas inhabited by indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North in Yakutia
M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Institute of Natural Sciences, 58, Belinskogo str., Yakutsk, 677000 Russia
2 M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Mining Institute, 58, Belinskogo str., Yakutsk, 677000 Russia
3 Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North, Siberian branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1 Petrovskogo str., Yakutsk, 677027, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper considers the natural, historical, economic and geographical factors of the formation and development of the transport network in the areas inhabited by Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North in Yakutia. A brief analysis of historical periods of transport network development in Yakutia was carried out. A retrospective statistical analysis of the indicators of the road network development and its access for the areas inhabited by Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North: the length and density of public roads, the coefficients for assessing the level of the road network and transport was chosen as the study method. The analysis was based on the Engel, Goltz, Uspensky coefficients, as well as the density indicator of the road network as key indicators. Taking into account all coefficients the ranking of areas inhabited by Indigenous Small-Numbered Peoples of the North showed that high level of transport security of the population is typical for the areas with industrial development and a welldeveloped road network – Neryungrinsky, Mirninsky and Aldansky. The average level is typical for most areas that have year-round regional roads and winter roads. The lowest level of transport security of the population is observed in the Allaikhovsky and Oleneksky districts.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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