SHS Web Conf.
Volume 122, 2021International Conference “Fundamental Research of the Phenomenon of Happiness” 2020
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||The Theme of Happiness in Literature and Cinema|
|Published online||20 September 2021|
Revolution as herald of new bliss in early English romantic poetry
1 Linguistics University of Nizhny Novgorod, The International Research Laboratory оf Basic and Applied Aspects of Cultural Identification, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
2 Moscow Pedagogical State University, Department of World Literature, Moscow, Russia
3 Moscow Pedagogical State University, Department of World Literature, Moscow, Russia
4 Central Russian University, Central Russian Institute for the Humanities and Technology, Obninsk, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The idea that the Great French Revolution for the age of early English Romanticism is a signal for mankind to transition into a new era, into a new apocalyptic time of the end of human history, is considered established in modern literary studies. At the same time, such issues remain underdeveloped as the relationship between the images of the Golden Age, paradise regained, and New Jerusalem in the poetry of Elder English Romantic poets and the interpretation of modernity in its connection with the past in the context of a biblical myth. The search for answers to these two questions is the goal of this research. The study is conducted within the framework of comparative literary studies with elements of comparative cultural studies. The significant results include the ideas that the human history during the early poetry by Elder English Romantic poets is depicted as mankind’s transition from blissful primordial harmony of the unity of the person-in-love with nature and another person to the oppressed-divided internal (spiritual) and external (social and political) state and, finally, to the new external (free) and internal (spiritually harmonious) bliss. In this new image of human history, the biblical myth of the Last Judgment and the New Jerusalem is superimposed on the idea of the return of the Golden Age and, simultaneously, paradise lost, and is interpreted through enlightenment ideas and romantic philosophy and aesthetics. The Great French Revolution seems to be the precursor of not only the common longing for the new bliss but also the transformation of human nature on the way to returning to the righteous state of sacrificial love.
Key words: images of paradise / early poetry of Elder English Romantic poets / Great French Revolution
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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