Open Access

This article has an erratum: [erratum]

Issue
SHS Web of Conferences
Volume 15, 2015
2014 Workshop on Advances in the Turin Shroud Investigation (ATSI 2014)
Article Number 00010
Number of page(s) 14
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20151500010
Published online 27 February 2015
  1. Avni and Greenhut 1996
  2. The cave was documented on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority by Dr. Boaz Zissu, Dr. Simon Gibson and Prof. Jacob Tavor. Zissu, Gibson and Tavor 2000
  3. Matheson et al. 2009
  4. Matheson et al. 2009
  5. A. Gorski, pers. comm
  6. Matheson et al. 2009
  7. Sheffer and Granger-Taylor 1994, 181
  8. Shamir 1999, 94; Shamir 2005a
  9. Eastwood 1982, 286
  10. Bergman 1975
  11. Sheffer and Granger-Taylor 1994, 236–237
  12. Avni and Greenhut 1996, 18
  13. Winter 1996, 96
  14. Hadas, G. P. 1994; Shimoni and Shamir 1994
  15. Hachlili and Killebrew 1999, 169
  16. Aharoni 1961, 19; Avigad 1962, 182–183
  17. Hadas 1994
  18. Shamir 2006a; Sheffer 1994: 9*, 66–68
  19. Mishnah Miqvaot 10:4
  20. Midrash Rabbah, Genesis 19:1; Babylonian Talmud, Mo'ed Qatan 18b; Safrai 1994, 155–157; Shamir 1996, 142
  21. Shamir 2006b; Shamir 2014:298. This is in contra to hundreds textiles found at Nabataean sites and made of wool, linen, goat hair and camel hair but none of them is mixed wool and linen. Shamir 1999; 2003; 2004
  22. This is mentioned twice in the Hebrew Bible: It is written in Leviticus 19:19, where it is stated that “you shall not put on cloth from a mixture of two kinds of material”. The prohibition of “the mixture of diverse kinds” material is mentioned additional contexts such as interbreeding different species of animals together, working different species of animals under the same yoke, and planting different species of seeds together in a single field. Sha'atnez garments are mentioned but the specific materials are not listed. In Deuteronomy 22:11, however, it is added that “You shall not wear cloth combining wool and linen”
  23. Mishnah Kilayim 9:4; Babylonian Talmud Tranctate nidda 61b; Babylonian Talmud Tranctate Pesachim 40b; Grossi 2012:3
  24. But there are few examples of linen sewing threads on wool textiles: Cave of Letters and Masada which can be explained by the harsh siege conditions of the Roman army. Shamir 2015:298
  25. Crowfoot 1974, 60, 63; Shamir 2015:298; Sheffer & Tidhar 2012
  26. Shamir 2015:302
  27. See a list of suggestions at Grossi 2012:3 including Rigato 2003:206–207 and Jackson 2000:56–71
  28. Grossi 2012:19
  29. Shamir and Sukenik 2011:220
  30. Lazzaro Murra 2015
  31. Yadin 1963, 204–205, 218, 237
  32. Granger-Taylor 2000; 2006; Politis 1998, 2006; Shanks 1999
  33. Pfister and Bellinger 1945, 34, No.116
  34. Pfister 1934, 14; Schmidt-Colinet 1995; Taha 1982, 118
  35. Linscheid 2001; Linscheid and Fluck 1995
  36. Bergman 1975:9
  37. Mannering 2000:15
  38. Babylonian Talmud, Pesachim 109a; Safrai 1994:201
  39. Mishnah Kilaim 9:4; Maasey Sheni 5:12; Tosefta Nedarim 2:7; Grossi 2012:9; Hachlili 2005; Safrai 1976, 776
  40. Mishnah Semahoth 8:7; Grossi 2012:17; Safrai 1976, 777
  41. Grossi 2012:9; Hachlili 2005:385, 482, 484
  42. Mishna Tractate Sanhedrin 6:5; Ben Yehuda; Grossi 2012:8
  43. Safrai 1976, 777
  44. Babylonian Talmud, Mo'ed Qatan 27b; Safrai 1976, 777; Rubin 1977, 202-206; Hadas 1994, 56; Kraemer 2000, 20
  45. Babylonian Talmud 8b; Ben Yehuda; Grossi 2012:10, 19
  46. Talmud Yerushalmi, Kilaim 9:3, 32a; Ketubot 12:3, 34d; Bereishit Rabbah 96
  47. Tosefta Tractate Tents 2, 3. Ben Yehuda
  48. Babylonian Talmud Tractate Sanhedrin 41–422; Ben Yehuda
  49. Babylonian Talmud Tractate Yebamoth 66b. Grossi 2012:10
  50. Mark 15:46
  51. John 19:39
  52. John 11:44
  53. Grossi 2012:21–22, but unfortunately didn't cite the excact information about the technical details of the textile from Shamir 2007c
  54. Shamir O. 2007b:210
  55. Shamir O. 2007b:210
  56. Shamir 1994:277; 1996:148; Shamir 2007a; Sheffer and Granger-Taylor 1994: 231
  57. Shamir 2007b
  58. Crowfoot and Crowfoot 1961:52, 55
  59. Europe (Bender-Jørgensen 1993); Egypt: Abu Sha'ar (Bender-Jørgensen and Vogelsang-Eastwood 1991), Maximianon, El-Zarqa (Mannering 1994), Quseir al-Qadim (Handley 2000)
  60. Flury-Lemberg 2001
  61. Shamir 2005b
  62. Shamir 2007d:207–217; 2013
  63. Vogelsang-Eastwood 1988:596
  64. Shamir 2007d:231–234
  65. Grossi 2012:4–5
  66. Sheffer and Granger-Taylor 1994, 236–237

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