Open Access
SHS Web Conf.
Volume 163, 2023
2023 8th International Conference on Social Sciences and Economic Development (ICSSED 2023)
Article Number 04006
Number of page(s) 5
Section Social Economics and Welfare Distribution
Published online 28 April 2023
  1. Guan Zhong (d. 645 BCE) was a Chinese politician and thinker of the state of Qi during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BCE). The ideas of Guan Zhong and adherents of his school are recorded in the book Guanzi. [Google Scholar]
  2. Liu G. The Flow Dynamics Mechanism of Human Civilizations. Proceedings of the 35th IAHR World congress Chengdu 2013. International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research. 2013; 1–11. [Google Scholar]
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  4. Zhou N. The Distant Heavenly Kingdom: Western images of China. Beijing, Peking University Press; 2006. [Google Scholar]
  5. The so-called well-field system (jingtian zhi) was a land system practiced in the Zhou Dynasty, in which all land belonged to the state, that is, to the king of the Zhou, who then divided the land among the vassals, and the vassals gave the land to their sons and subordinates. In the Qin Dynasty, according to the Historical Records, Shang Yang’s reform of the land system abolished the state-owned land system (the Well Field System) and introduced private ownership of land, encouraging the opening of land, allowing the free sale of land, and paying taxes according to the land occupied by each person, which was called “abolishing the Well Field and opening up the roads”. [Google Scholar]
  6. According to the latest data (International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, ICID, Retrieved 14/10/2022 from as of October 14, 2022, there are 140 registered WHIS, of which China and Japan are firmly in the top two and South Korea is in sixth place, with a total of 83 in China, Japan and South Korea (46 in Japan, 30 in China and 7 in South Korea), accounting for more than 65% of the total. [Google Scholar]
  7. Koyamada K. Types of reservoirs from the Three Kingdoms to the Early Joseon Period and their historical background. In: The Committee for Memorizing the Logevity of Mr. Yoshiyuki Kuraku, ed. Cultural History of Construction and Exchange: Essays in Commemoration of Dr. Yoshimichi Kouraku’s Umbral Longevity. Yuzankaku. 2018: 168–178. [Google Scholar]
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  9. “Tian ren he yi” is an ancient Chinese idiom. The basic point of the conception of tian-ren-he-yi as one general thesis in classical Chinese philosophy is to “nature and mankind combined as one” or “nature- human harmony”. [Google Scholar]
  10. “Onozukara” is a Japanese nature philosophy, which refers to the rejection of external and compelling force and the acclimation to nature. See Takeuchi S. (2012) Betweening Naturally and Personally: Basic Ethics of Science and Technology. Journal of the Society of Instrument and Control Engineers. 2012; 51(11): 1046–1051. [Google Scholar]
  11. “Manmulrilryu” is a Korean nature philosophy, which highlights the belief that all the existences are fundamentally the same, regardless of their size, appearance, whether they are alive or not, and whether they are beneficial or harmful to human beings, and there is no difference between them and human beings. See Ba K. Ecological Taste of Korean Traditional Thought. Journal of Philosophical Ideas. 2004; 15(1): 23–41. [Google Scholar]
  12. “Process of modernization” refers to the one of a country or region that relies on technological advancement to evolve from an agricultural society to an industrial one and eventually becomes a society with knowledge-based economy. In this paper, the phrase is more about the process happening after the 1950s. [Google Scholar]
  13. The first modernity, proposed by Ulrich Beck, refers to the economism, the control and conquest of nature, and the ecological destruction in the field of environment that characterizes industrialized countries. See Beck U., Grande E., Varieties of Second Modernity: The Cosmopolitan Turn in Social and Political Theory and Research. British Journal of Sociology. 2010; 61(3): 409–443. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  14. Bin Z. Water Situation of Qingshan Weir - Protection and Study on Cultural Heritage of Dujiangyan City. Beijing, china federation of literary & art circles publishing corp; 2021 [Google Scholar]
  15. Li Bing, The constructor of Dujiangyan, used the dam to divide Minjiang River into internal river and external one. The internal branch took up forty per cent of the total water volume and the external one accounted for the remaining sixty per cent. Only the internal branch was used for irrigation. [Google Scholar]
  16. Mu Y., Xu P., Fu B., Li M., Impact of hydropower development in upper reaches of Minjiang R iver on flow reducing of river reaches. Yangtze River. 2015;(07);67–71. [Google Scholar]
  17. Tan X., Zhang R. The scientific content of ancient water resources should be emphasized and studied. Science & Technology Review. 2006; (10): 84–86. [Google Scholar]
  18. The second modernity, proposed by Ulrich Beck, refers to aspects like the ecological balance, environmental friendliness, mutual benefit and symbiosis, economic and environmental win-win in the characteristics of the knowledge-based state to the environmental field. See Calhoun C. Beck, Asia and Second Modernity. British Journal of Sociology 2010; 61(3): 597–619. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

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