SHS Web Conf.
Volume 109, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Law and the Information Society: Digital Approach” (LISID-2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||31 May 2021|
The influence of digital platforms and algorithms on legal regulation of competition
1 Volgograd Institute of Management, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and State Administration, ul. Gagarina,8, Volgograd, Russia, ORCID 0000-0002-6651-4392
2 Tomsk State University, 36, Lenin Avenue, Tomsk, Russia, ORCID 0000-0002-9722-4136
3 Volgograd Institute of Management, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and State Administration, ul. Gagarina,8, Volgograd, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0002-7419-3277
4 Volgograd Institute of Management, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and State Administration, ul. Gagarina,8, Volgograd, Russia, ORCID: 0000-0002-0239-554X
The antitrust regulation faces challenges in the context of digitalization and algorithmization; several of them are analyzed in the article. The authors explore the influence of digital platforms and pricing algorithms on competitive environment, the practice of their application in view of monopolizing the market and the possibilities to resist such practice from the point of view of the antitrust legislation. They examine the approaches to regulating digital instruments of pricing in order to ensure fair competition. One of the approaches is based on the fact that there is no need to develop specific regulatory instruments due to the lack of information on the consequences of algorithmic pricing applied to competition. Another one implies checking every new pricing algorithm in order to establish its influence on competitive environment and allowing or prohibiting it based on that. The third approach suggests further control using new legal standards that differ from the current ones. Banning algorithmic pricing is viewed as unreasonable as the pricing itself becomes more economically effective. The question of responsibility is raised for the cases when cartels are formed as a result of the activity of computer software. It is concluded that the owners of the software must be held accountable for any actions of the algorithm, as no program can act of its free will, they are controlled by the creator or the right holder.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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