SHS Web Conf.
Volume 72, 2019International Scientific Conference: “Achievements and Perspectives of Philosophical Studies” (APPSCONF-2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Man in the World of Culture|
|Published online||28 November 2019|
Phenomenology of reduction of consciousness: comparativist approach
South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University (National Research University), 454080, Chelyabinsk, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article presents an analysis of the spiritual practices of self-knowledge, based on the method of phenomenological reduction. In the paper, the author describes the features of such practices as methods of "purification" (expansion) of consciousness, liberation from mental, speech and behavioral stereotypes. The phenomenological method, implemented in the spiritual practices of self-knowledge, is aimed at restructuring individual consciousness through the rejection of egocentrism, the elimination of subjective-evaluative activity in relation to the outside world and to oneself. Overcoming egocentrism allows going beyond social and cultural stereotypes, overcoming the disunity of consciousness and being that serves as an obstacle to the reality’s objective perception. The author notes that the phenomenological reduction practice requires constant tension of existential potential, and in the methodological plan for cognitive activity aimed at the study of consciousness, it is necessary, along with epistemological criteria, to develop a number of axiological criteria for this activity.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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