SHS Web of Conf.
Volume 164, 202311th International Scientific and Practical Conference “Current Issues of Linguistics and Didactics: The Interdisciplinary Approach in Humanities and Social Sciences” (CILDIAH-2022)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||11 May 2023|
Features of adaptation of fifth graders at school
South Ural State University for the Humanities and Education, 69, Lenin Avenue, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article is devoted to the discussion of topical theoretical aspects of the problem of adaptation of fifth graders, the features of their development and the process of adaptation, diagnostics, and analysis of methods aimed at studying anxiety, self-esteem, state in the lesson. By creating adaptive situations, the school is the bearer of the richest social experience, including the adaptation of the student to the content and form of education. The analysis showed that the main task of the educational institution is to create conditions for the successful adaptation of students, which is the key to high-quality education of the individuals, their further improvement and self-development. For each stage of the research (theoretical, empirical, interpretative), its own group of methods is defined: theoretical: collection of information, generalization, systematization, analysis of scientific literature; empirical: ascertaining research, testing, questioning; psycho-diagnostic: testing according to the method of diagnosing the level of school anxiety by B.N. Phillips, questioning according to the method of studying the emotional state of students “Subject-feelings” by T.E. Kovina, A.K. Kolichenko and I.N. Agafonova, testing by the method of diagnostics of general self-esteem G.N. Kazantseva. A sample of 120 fifth grade students of the Municipal Autonomous Educational Institution Secondary School No. 138, Chelyabinsk, was formed. It was revealed that increased levels of anxiety are observed to a small extent, the majority of fifth-graders do not experience mental discomfort and anxiety, they are balanced and emotionally stable. The average value of the index of emotional positivity of fifth graders during class attendance is observed in 74 %, which indicates their satisfaction in most subjects, a fairly comfortable internal climate in the classroom. In general, the process of adaptation of fifth graders in the middle level can be considered satisfactory, but there are students who have low emotional positivity to learning – 26 % and low self-esteem – 19 %. The recommendations compiled based on the results of the study can contribute to the effective adaptation of fifth graders to study in a general education organization and can be useful to both parents and all subjects of educational relations.
Key words: younger teenagers / emotional positivity / anxiety / self-esteem / adaptation
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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