SHS Web Conf.
Volume 179, 20232023 6th International Conference on Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ICHESS 2023)
|Number of page(s)
|Social Science and Cognitive Psychoanalysis
|14 December 2023
Analyse the Function of Discourse Markers Using in Naturally Occurring Discourses and Planned Speeches
Xiamen University Malaysia, Jalan Sunsuria, Bandar Sunsuria, 43900 Sepang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This article delves into the multifaceted role of discourse markers in both naturally occurring conversations and planned speeches. Discourse markers, which are linguistic units that aid in establishing coherence and connectivity within discourse, are explored in their various functions and contexts. In the realm of spontaneous discourse, such as a talk show interview with the Avengers cast, the author highlights the strategic use of discourse markers like ‘and.’ These markers serve to build logical connections between sentences, maintain the flow of actions, de-escalate discourse processes, and reopen interactional agendas. The author exemplifies how ‘and’ is employed strategically to navigate interruptions, manage pauses, and sustain the coherence of the conversation. In planned discourses, like a TED speech by Cameron Russell, the focus shifts towards using discourse markers for enhancing coherence and clarity. Here, ‘so’ and ‘but’ are analyzed in their roles of signaling transitions, foreshadowing connections between sentences, and introducing elements of contrast or surprise. These discourse markers serve as indispensable tools for guiding the audience through the logical progression of the speaker’s thoughts and ensuring a deeper understanding of the discourse. Overall, the article underscores the versatile and impactful nature of discourse markers, which can serve different functions in spontaneous and planned discourse contexts. Whether it’s facilitating smooth transitions, managing interruptions, or enhancing coherence, discourse markers play a pivotal role in shaping effective communication.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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